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- Even if you do not know how to draw, get use to it. Too many thing can't be explained in words. How the shot looks like, the floor plan, the transitions from one shot to another. Use the "comics" style. Take another (film's POV) look at the comics.


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. . . 2006
This is your Director's TEXT.

Again, do you know or not how to draw, it doesn't matter -- you have to have it.

You have to do many drafts of it, your film-on-paper.

Without storyboarding you can't get to the director's script!

Before shooting you must have the shot-by-shot book (bible)!

Do it with your cameraman!

"Single shot" forms (where?)


If your stuck or have holes in your story, try to draw what you see! (You do not see anything, something wrong with the idea-concept).

Each main image must reappear in film at list three times (exposition, climax, resolution -- how different are they?). This is the only way to make us understand the symbolic meaning of your images.

"Main theme" image, "hero image" -- think about the details as images!

Use the right mouse and print the form you need! Save the master to make more copies!

[ use other online forms -- links ]

Storyboarding (homework) -- AMADEUS (finale):


The rain has eased off. A LOCAL PRIEST with two boy acolytes is standing beside an open communal grave. Mozart's body is lifted out of the cheap pine box in a sack. We see that the grave contains twenty other such sacks. The gravedigger throws the one containing Mozart amongst the others. An assistant pours quicklime over the whole pile of them. The acolytes swing their censers.

The Lord giveth. The Lord taketh away. Blessed be the name of the Lord.



Why did He do it? Why didn't He kill me? I had no value. What was the use, keeping me alive for thirty-two years of torture? Thirty-two years of honours and awards.

He tears off the Civilian Medal and Chain with which the Emperor invested him and has been wearing the whole time and throws it across the room.

Being bowed to and saluted, called 'distinguished - distinguished Salieri' - by men incapable of distinguishing! Thirty-two years of meaningless fame to end up alone in my room, watching myself become extinct. My music growing fainter, all the time fainter, until no one plays it at all. And his growing louder, filling the world with wonder. And everyone who loves my sacred art crying, Mozart! Bless you, Mozart.

The door opens. An attendant comes in, cheerful and hearty.

Good morning, Professor! Time for the water closet. And then we've got your favourite breakfast for you - sugar-rolls. (to Vogler) He loves those. Fresh sugar-rolls.

Salieri ignores him and stares only at the priest, who stares back.

Goodbye, Father. I'll speak for you. I speak for all mediocrities in the world. I am their champion. I am their patron saint. On their behalf I deny Him, your God of no mercy. Your God who tortures men with longings they can never fulfill. He may forgive me: I shall never forgive Him.

He signs to the attendant, who wheels him in his chair out of the room. The priest stares after him.


The corridor is filled with patients in white linen smocks, all taking their morning exercise walk in the care of nurses and nuns. They form a long, wretched, strange procession - some of them are clearly very disturbed. As Old Salieri is pushed through them in his wheelchair, he lifts his hands to them in benediction.

Mediocrities everywhere, now and to come: I absolve you all! Amen! Amen! Amen!

Finally, he turns full-face to the camera and blesses us the audience, making the Sign of the Cross. Underneath we hear, stealing in and growing louder, the tremendous Masonic Funeral Music of Mozart.

On the last four chords, we



[ compare with the play ]


The basic: pix and short description of each shot.
[ use the stills for analysis ]
[ see the textbook for more ]

Also, I use the fine art masterpieces for visual composition -- direct.vtheatre.net; for example:

[ do the floor plan for this "shot" ]
Or even the compositions from my stage productions! [Dangerous Liaisons]
Quotes & Thoughts:
Storyboarding Software
I didn't get it yet. Anatoly 1.15.04 -- here are some samples of "traditional" storyboarding:






Simple Storyboard plates

Just a few samples:

[ more on storyboarding techniques in class ]

"Comics" Style Storyboard Plates


[ photo-film method ]

Wide screen Storyboard

WideSceen Doesn't matter how you do it -- make it visible (use the back of the page for more directions/instructions)!

[ reconstruction of the classic shots through storyboarding ]


Storyboard should help you to visualize your script. The final draft and shot-by-shot "shooting script" we will do at the end (the end of Pre-Production period).

Think about it: one page of the script = one minute on the screen. 100 pages = 1 hour 40 min. Budget of $10.000.000 means that one munite/page costs $100.000! You don't want to mess with such money, right? Shoot on paper first!


What do I write next to the shot?

Text, if any; sound, everything the other need to understand your vision. Size, duration, angle...

As much is needed to understand how to shoot it.


Use two or more forms, if need. This is "on paper shooting"! As you know, you can break one into several "fames" Like, "Shot 1a," "1b" and etc.
Sample of the storyboard and the Screen Continuety (click to go to the Motion Page)

Taxi-Driver (see new forms directory)

@2001-2004 film-north NEXT: Film-Books & Textbooks *

Another exerc. in class:

YOU'VE GOT MAIL, Nora Ephron & Delia Ephron

based on:
The Shop Around the Corner
By Nikolaus Laszlo
2nd final white revised February 2, 1998



	We have a sense of cyberspace-travel as we hurtle through a
	sky that's just beginning to get light.  There are a few
	stars but they fade and the sky turns a milky blue and a big
	computer sun starts to rise.

	We continue hurtling through space and see that we're heading
	over a computer version of the New York City skyline.  We
	move over Central Park.  It's fall and the leaves are
	glorious reds and yellows.

	We reach the West Side of Manhattan and move swiftly down
	Broadway with its stores and gyms and movies theatres and
 	turn onto a street in the West 80s.

	Hold in front of a New York brownstone.

	At the bottom of the screen a small rectangle appears and the


	As the rectangle starts to fill with color, we see a percentage
	increase from 0% to 100%.  When it hits 100% the image pops and 
	we are in real life.


	Early morning in New York. A couple of runners pass on their
	way to Riverside Drive Park.

	We go through the brownstone window into:


	KATHLEEN KELLY is asleep.  Kathleen, 30, is as pretty and
	fresh as a spring day.  Her bedroom cozy, has a queen-sized
	bed and a desk with a computer on it.  Bookshelves line every
	inch of wall space and overflow with books.  Framed on the
	children's classic.  Madeleine.

	As Kathleen wakes up, her boyfriend FRANK NAVASKY walks into
	the room.  He wears blue jeans and a workshirt.  He's carrying
	the New York Times.

		Good morning.

			(as he reads)
		Listen to this -- the entire work force
		of the state of Virginia had to have
		solitaire removed from their computers --

	Kathleen gets out of bed and goes to brush her teeth in the
	bathroom, and we stay with Frank.

		-- because they hadn't done any work in
		six weeks.

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Storyboards: Motion in Art, Second Edition 0240803744
Storyboarding 101: A Crash Course in Professional Storyboarding 0941188256
The 25th Hour

S Lee

No, Fuck You
written by David Benioff, from his novel

(Monty walks into the bathroom. He looks in the mirror. In the bottom corner, someone's written Fuck You!)
Monty: Yeah, fuck you, too.
Monty's Reflection: Fuck me? Fuck you! Fuck you and this whole city and everyone in it.
Fuck the panhandlers, grubbing for money, and smiling at me behind my back.
Fuck squeegee men dirtying up the clean windshield of my car. Get a fucking job!
Fuck the Sikhs and the Pakistanis bombing down the avenues in decrepit cabs, curry steaming out their pores and stinking up my day. Terrorists in fucking training. Slow the fuck down!
Fuck the Chelsea boys with their waxed chests and pumped up biceps. Going down on each other in my parks and on my piers, jingling their dicks on my Channel 35.
Fuck the Korean grocers with their pyramids of overpriced fruit and their tulips and roses wrapped in plastic. Ten years in the country, still no speaky English?
Fuck the Russians in Brighton Beach. Mobster thugs sitting in caf®¶s, sipping tea in little glasses, sugar cubes between their teeth. Wheelin' and dealin' and schemin'. Go back where you fucking came from!
Fuck the black-hatted Chassidim, strolling up and down 47th street in their dirty gabardine with their dandruff. Selling South African apartheid diamonds!
Fuck the Wall Street brokers. Self-styled masters of the universe. Michael Douglas, Gordon Gecko wannabe mother fuckers, figuring out new ways to rob hard working people blind. Send those Enron assholes to jail for fucking life! You think Bush and Cheney didn't know about that shit? Give me a fucking break! Tyco! Imclone! Adelphia! Worldcom!
Fuck the Puerto Ricans. 20 to a car, swelling up the welfare rolls, worst fuckin' parade in the city. And don't even get me started on the Dom-in-i-cans, because they make the Puerto Ricans look good.
Fuck the Bensonhurst Italians with their pomaded hair, their nylon warm-up suits, and their St. Anthony medallions. Swinging their, Jason Giambi, Louisville slugger, baseball bats, trying to audition for the Sopranos.
Fuck the Upper East Side wives with their Hermés scarves and their fifty-dollar Balducci artichokes. Overfed faces getting pulled and lifted and stretched, all taut and shiny. You're not fooling anybody, sweetheart!
Fuck the uptown brothers. They never pass the ball, they don't want to play defense, they take fives steps on every lay-up to the hoop. And then they want to turn around and blame everything on the white man. Slavery ended one hundred and thirty seven years ago. Move the fuck on!
Fuck the corrupt cops with their anus violating plungers and their 41 shots, standing behind a blue wall of silence. You betray our trust!
Fuck the priests who put their hands down some innocent child's pants. Fuck the church that protects them, delivering us into evil. And while you're at it, fuck JC! He got off easy! A day on the cross, a weekend in hell, and all the hallelujahs of the legioned angels for eternity! Try seven years in fuckin Otisville, Jay!
Fuck Osama Bin Laden, Alqueda, and backward-ass, cave-dwelling, fundamentalist assholes everywhere. On the names of innocent thousands murdered, I pray you spend the rest of eternity with your seventy-two whores roasting in a jet-fueled fire in hell. You towel headed camel jockeys can kiss my royal, Irish ass!
Fuck Jacob Elinski, whining malcontent.
Fuck Francis Xavier Slaughtery, my best friend, judging me while he stares at my girlfriend's ass.
Fuck Naturel Rivera. I gave her my trust and she stabbed me in the back. Sold me up the river. Fucking bitch.
Fuck my father with his endless grief, standing behind that bar. Sipping on club soda, selling whiskey to firemen and cheering the Bronx Bombers.
Fuck this whole city and everyone in it. From the row houses of Astoria to the penthouses on Park Avenue. From the projects in the Bronx to the lofts in Soho. From the tenements in Alphabet City to the brownstones in Park slope to the split levels in Staten Island. Let an earthquake crumble it. Let the fires rage. Let it burn to fuckin ash then let the waters rise and submerge this whole, rat-infested place.
Monty: No. No, fuck you, Montgomery Brogan. You had it all and then you threw it away, you dumb fuck!
(He takes a breath and tries to rub away the words.)
[ main movie monologue page ]
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Requiem for a Dream (Storyboard + Shots)

storyboarding : animation

2007 An online course supplement * Film-North * Anatoly Antohin. * eCitations *
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