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Mise-en-Scene -- Stage Directing & Mise in Biomechanics *

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Montage ("to build") and Mise-en-scene ("to put into the scene") are two main concepts: they are inter-connected. My prime concern is the actor and mise-en-scene [ more in Digital Media Tutorial ]


use floor plan form * Mise-en-scene (film) [main] Mise-en-scene from Yale *

"What is Mise en scene? The phrase refers to how scenes are framed and staged when appearing in a movie. That is, are the actors outside? Inside? What surrounds them? Does a certain shot through a doorway frame a character just so? In film theory, it is sometimes used as a way to 'pick apart' a movie and write about it.
Originally a French term that mean 'placing on stage,' the term is now used in film studies to designate how a particular scene is framed. For example, where things appear and what they're surrounded by can play a big part in how you receive a movie emotionally.
What is in and out of focus in a scene is also important in how a viewer reacts to a scene. Focus directs the viewer's eyes to different things that the director wants them to pay attention to in a particular scene." [ Moov Goog ]

"In film theory Film theory seeks to develop concise, systematic concepts that apply to the study of cinema. Classical film theory provides a structural framework to address classical issues of techniques, narrativity, diegesis, cinematic codes, "the image", genre, subjectivity, and authorship. More recent analysis has given rise to psychoanalytic film theory, structuralist film theory, feminist film theory, and theories of documentary, new media, third cinema, and new queer cinema, to name just a few. See also film criticism.
Mise-en-scène [mizA~sEn] is one of the currently-dominant theories of conveying information in the cinema. It maintains that long takes and frequent camera moves are preferred over chopping up a scene through editing. It refers to everything that is to appear before the camera and its arrangement -- sets, props, actors, costumes, camera movements and performances. The term was coined by early French film critics and means literally "put into the scene" or "setting in scene." In auteur theory The Auteur Theory is a way of reading and appraising films through the imprint of an auteur (French: author), usually meant to be the director.
In the 1954 essay Une certaine tendence du cinéma français François Truffaut coined the phrase "la politique des auteurs", and explained that the worst of Jean Renoir's movies would always be more interesting than the best of Jean Delannoy's. He and his colleagues at the magazine Cahiers du Cinema recognized that moviemaking was an industrial process. But they proposed an ideal to strive for: using the commercial apparatus just the way a writer uses a pen. And so they valued the work of those who neared this ideal."

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Mise-en-scene in theatre

To make a mise-en-scene page in film.vtheatre.net (on acting): watch the Al Pacino clip.

... light, set, costumes... [staging, including acting] = M II (craft, directing) + Mise-en-Scene I (analysis) and Mise-en-Scene III (theory)

slide show in film.vtheatre.net/forms/5.mise.html


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Who is the middle of the "film action" -- actor or camera?

Maybe the question is wrong: should be "camera and actor"? Film acting must be always seen as camera-actor...

I have to make this new page (chapter) in order to comment on the textbook (2004) readings. First, main topics on mise-en-scene (overview).

[ captions ]

Mise-en-scene in Film

Mise-en-scene: ‘to put on stage’ or ‘staging an action’: 'the elements of mise-en-scene include the ‘contents of the frame and the way they have been organised’.

Any consideration of framing must therefore include the position (and movement) of the camera.

Elements of Mise-en-scene:

Sets and Props (including decor)
Costume and Makeup
Action and performance
Camera position and its movement (?).

To work effectively mise-en-scene relies on consistency and coherence. Continuety Page?

In the contemporary context, analysis of mise-en-scene also needs to include consideration of some elements of production design executed in post-production.

Production design is concerned with the overall look and design of a film, but not with the staging of the actors.

Production designers work in consultation with the director and, where necessary, with the visual effects supervisor.

Visual effects can, for instance, be used to change the colour of a film, or to add grain or texture. They can also be used to create virtual sets and characters.

Analysis of mise-en-scene needs to consider:

- the pro-filmic aspects of filmmaking (i.e. what is staged before the camera -- primary motion)

- cinematography (secondary motion)

- contributions to production design executed in post-production (e.g. changes to the colour and grain of the film, digital matte paintings, visual effects)

Visual motif: an element of mise-en-scene that acquires significance through repetition.

While consistently applied, the significance of a particular motif can also shift throughout the narrative (e.g. the rose in "American Beauty").

What is important in the analysis of mise-en-scene is the relationships between its various elements. These elements are also regulated by the conventions of:

- genre

- film institutions (e.g. Hollywood, independent cinema, and art-house cinema)

Mise-en-scene contributes to:

Visual style: e.g. surreal, expressionist, realist, grungy, stark

Tone: e.g. satirical, ironic, nostalgic, camp

Cultural-historical location: e.g. small town America, Australian suburbia, futuristic urban dystopia

Narrative themes: e.g. alienation, claustrophobia, voyeurism

Character: e.g. loneliness, oppression, repression, rebellion

Point of view:

- of the narration

- of a character

- ideological*

Ideology refers to the representation of social, cultural or political beliefs as natural or taken-for-granted (rather than historical and open to contestation).


Film Studies--Mise-en-scene Name___________________

The term mise-en-scene (pronounced "meez-ahn-sen") refers to the director's control over what appears in the film frame. In short, mise-en-scene covers four areas:

Assignment: Watch a three- to five-minute scene from a film of your choice. Note below as many aspects of mise-en-scene as you can. For each category, consider the following questions.

Name of Movie: ________________________________________________________

Setting and Props












Costumes and Make-up





Behavior of Figures


Eisen: Anatoly? Where are you?

Anatoly: Here, sir.

Eisen: I mean, on this page, mister. Don't you understand that mise en scene is the most important subject in directing? What is this listing? Talk the serious stuff, man.

Anatoly: But, sir, this is what they read in the textbooks -- "director's job is ... controlling the content and flow of the film's plot. Directing the performances of actors, both mechanically by putting them in certain positions (i.e. blocking), and dramatically by eliciting the required range of emotions"...

Eisen: I am ashamed of you, Anatoly! Shame, shame!

Anatoly: ... "Organizing and selecting the locations in which the film will be shot... Managing technical details such as the positioning of cameras, the use of lighting, and the timing and content of the film's soundtrack. Any other activity that defines or realizes the artistic vision the director has for the film"...

Eisen: Are you done? Finished? Now, tell me what mise-en-scene is about.

[ pause ]

Next: stagematrix
[ Chapter 6: Three-Player dialogue (75) * 1. straight line * 2. a right angle or "L" shaped formation * 3. a triangle ]
floor plan

























scene/monologue ____________


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assignment ?

... "mise" page @ film.vtheatre.net to use for analysis of Fellini, Bergman, Tarkovsky...

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