2007-2008 -- new
"The migration of the well-versed and faithful followers of Christ from countries of the Middle East into Ethiopia occured at that critical period when doctrinal schism was prevalent within the Ecumenical Church. Because these pious men were divinely called to make their refugee in Ethiopia with their theological knowledge of the primative and pure apostlic teachings, their advent into Ethiopia was a blessing for Ethiopians and a milestone in the Consolidation of Ethiopianism." -- Ermias Kebede Wolde-Yesus, Nibure Id, "Ethiopia: The Classic Case: A Biblical Nation under God"
Ethiopian & Rastafari
by Aster Sellassie, Millennium Ed.
If you want to stay in touch and know about the changes and news, please subscribe to SELLASSIE LIST, FORUM or/and BOOK CLUB.
Bookmark and link to our sites, be a part of Sellassie Family!
Read, write, contribute!
HIM work is not finished!
You are the world to come!
Did you see our 1999 project 100 Who Changed the World?
Be one of them! [ Best View w/MSIE ]
Spread the word! Recommend Sellassie sites to your friends!
* 2006: lalibela project
* 2007 -- Millennium Pages
GeoAlaska: Theatre & Film
(c)2004 HIM contents (summary of the HS web-biography) *
Summary2004: Dear readers and members of sellassie forums,
There are no academic studies about relations between Ethiopian and Rastafari and the "Rastafari: Ethiopian Perspective" research is filling this gap, done at the Anthropology Dept. Ethiopian attitutes (in Ethiopia and abroad) toward Rasta are not discussed yet -- this is the aim of Esther's work.
... Tizeta, Tizeta, Eshurur, Hageri Ethiopia, Tizeta Garedew, Yene_lebelew, Endet_beyee, Arada, Be_Hasab, Ye Ethiopia Amelak, Abonesh, Gossay, Theodrose Tadesse ...
Ethiopiques Series at Allegro * link?
Notes"Today man sees all his hopes and aspirations crumble before him. He is perplexed and knows not whither he is drifting. But he must realize that the solution of his present difficulties and guidance for his future action is the Bible. Unless he accepts with clear conscience the Bible and its great message, he cannot hope for salvation. For myself, I glory in the Bible." Sellassie I
2004 & After
The lost world of Ethiopian music, Faraway soul for jaded ears
* Ethio Music samples
photos 2005: 1.jpg 2.jpg 3.jpg 4.jpg 5.jpg 6.jpg 7.jpg 8.jpg 9.jpg e1.jpg e2.jpg e3.jpg e4.jpg e5.jpg e6.jpg e7.jpg e8.jpg e9.jpg e10.jpg e11.jpg e12.jpg et.jpg et1.jpg et2.jpg et3.jpg et4.jpg et5.jpg et6.jpg eth.jpg eth1.jpg eth2.jpg eth3.jpg eth4.jpg eth5.jpg eth6.jpg eth7.jpg eth8.jpg eth9.jpg eth10.jpg eth11.jpg l1.jpg l2.jpg l3.jpg l4.jpg l5.jpg church.jpg celling.jpg 1682.jpg 2003.jpg axum.jpg gondar.jpg obelisk.jpg timkat.jpg [ captions ]
new: www.com-pactrecords.com ethiopia *
Ethiopia is still not well known and its musical patrimony is properly unbelievable. The ethnic diversity and the profusion of the instruments give a particularly original character to the Ethiopian music. According to legend, this music dates from Kings David and Solomon. In this record, there are four distinct forms to be noted: the popular music, the liturgical music, the polyphonies of the Dorze and those of the tribes of the South-West of Ethiopia. Simple songs have been invented from centuries, principally by women, yet today these songs express eternal sentiments of joy and love.
The Azmaris, who are trobadours or traveling minstrels, have been incontestable carries of the popular music and still are. These minstrels take up prominent part in the everyday life. In the train between Addis-Ababa and Djibouti, on occasion of wedding or public meetings, also tedj-bet (local bar), here they most of the time, carrying their massenqo to bring a colorful note. Although they call themselves laudators, they enjoy from ages free-speech and use it wittily.
In the Christian Orthodox the liturgical music takes an important place. Ethiopia of today is rich of more than 75,000 priests, 12,000 churches and about 8,000 monasteries in full swing, so, it is one of the countries where the faith is the most fervent. The liturgical music is very complex in its composition and therefore only attainable by the veritable initiates. Large parts of Ethiopian's traditional music are based on a number of scale systems or modes. Church music has three of these, and legend has it that they were revealed to St. Yared during a vision in the 6th century.
These three modes, however, differ in more respects than the pitches. Each of them is associated with various "skeleton melodies", and they are performed using different vocal techniques. Furthermore, they are associated with different festivals and different seasons of the year.
Although a system of notation does exist, also attributed to St. Yared, music at several different schools is passed on mainly by aural tradition. The notation system, which is presumably of much later date, possibly from 16th century, provides only very sketchy information on how the music is to be performed.
Consequently, a variety of traditions and interpretations have evolved at different schools, with rather complicated results today from viewpoint of music theory. (see notes on Yared Music School during our visit to Addis Aba in 1995).
The origin of urban popular music in Ethiopia can be traced back to the 1920's when Emperor Haile Selassie brought over a group of Armenian orphans from Jerusalem and so formed The Bodyguard Orchestra. They brought new instruments with them, like trumpet and saxophone, and from this and other military bands a night-club scene began to emerge. In 1935, Ethiopia was invaded and though this lasted only a few years some Italians stayed and formed dance bands.
Regardless of the effect outside influences, such as American rock, have had on musicians, Ethiopian popular music is still very strongly based on both scared and secular traditions from different parts of the country. Perhaps more relevant than the question of how western music affected Ethiopia, is how Ethiopian music might one day influence western popular music...
[ Text from several sources including Ethio Stars & Tukul Band CD by piranha musik, Ethiopie CD by Playa Sound, and Anu Laakkonen & Sten Sandahl form Caprice Record ]
[ * This is the original 1998 front page (tempalte) for Sellassie WWW. If you want to stay updated, get on Sellassie List ]
+ Ethiopian music is strongly influenced by Muslim forms as well as folk musics. Traditional music is largely played by itinerent musicians called azmari, who are regarded with both suspicion and respect by Ethiopian society. Ethiopian popular musicians included Bezunesh Bekele, Mahmoud Ahmed, Alemayehu Eshete, Hirut Bekele, Ali Birra, Ayalew Mesfin, Muluken Mellesse and Tlahoun Gessesse, while popular folk musicians included Alemu Aga, Kassa Tessema, Ketema Makonnen, Asnaketch Worku and Mary Armede. Perhaps the most influential musician of the period, however, was Ethio-jazz innovator Mulatu Astatke. [ References Falceto, Francis. "Land of Wax and Gold". 2000. In Broughton, Simon and Ellingham, Mark with McConnachie, James and Duane, Orla (Ed.), World Music, Vol. 1: Africa, Europe and the Middle East, pp 480-487. Rough Guides Ltd, Penguin Books. ISBN 1-85828-636-0 ]
LIST (amazon.com) : Ethiopiques, Vol. 1: Golden Years Of Modern Ethiopian Music * Ethiopiques, Vol. 14: Negus of Ethiopian Sax * Ethiopiques, Vol. 13: Ethiopian Groove * Ethiopiques, Vol. 3: Golden Years Of Modern Ethiopian Music * Ethiopian Urban and Tribal Music, vol. 1: Mindanoo Mistiru * Gold from Wax: Ethiopian Urban & Tribal Music * The Sounds of Contemporary Ethiopian Music - Millennium Collection *
Sellassie WWW Family @ 2004 The Imperial House of Sellassie HIM Cyber University @webmaster Ethiop Village -- Merkato
2004 & AfterKebra Nagast online *
texts: HIM (summary)
reading: Story of Esther
[ updates? get on sellassie mailing list! ]©2004 filmplus.org * home * about * guide * classes * advertise * contact * news * A' forums * my mailing list * bookstore * ebooks * search * calendar * web *@HIM * Make HIM your homepage -- click here!
Ethiopians & Rastafari 2004 MA Thesis UAF Anthropology -- feedback is welcome!
Get Site Info
* main * academics * history * books * culture * politics * family * rasta * business *
One Life, One Century, One History
photo archive: ecards
[ new * web-book * mailing list * eForum * corkboard * 2007 : millennium pages * sellassie.vtheatre.net/2008 him.filmplus.org/sellassie.net ]
Quotes & Thoughts:
Haile Sellassie Cyber Museum
HIM home: appendix * books * new * references * FAQ * links * list * glossary * slides * help * sellassie.info * popup * classes.vtheatre.net * map * youtube.com/group/sellassie * ethioblog *2008 -- 2005 sellassie.vtheatre.net
Film-North * webmaster.
* You are free to link to any page in filmplus.org/him.
© 2005 by vtheatre.net * books.google.com + scholar.google.com
HIM home: appendix * books * new * references * FAQ * links * list * glossary * slides * help * sellassie.info * popup * classes.vtheatre.net * map * youtube.com/group/sellassie * ethioblog *
keys.txt -- anatoly.groups.live.com